Causes of Craniosynostosis
Recent studies have linked the cranial defect with the use of antidepressants during pregnancy. A 2007 study published in the New England Journal of Medicine linked the maternal use of antidepressants during pregnancy with a higher incidence of craniosynostosis in newborns.
Very mild cases of craniosynostosis may not require treatment. Most cases, however, require surgery during infancy. There are different types of surgery designed to treat the different types of craniosynostosis. The purpose of surgery is to reduce pressure on the brain, creating room within the skull for the brain to grow. Other benefits to surgery are the improved appearance of the skull. Craniosynostosis surgery normally takes about seven hours after which a child will remain hospitalized. Some patients may need a second surgery later in life if the synostosis recurs.
Baum Hedlund is reviewing craniosynostosis cases where the mother took Celexa or Lexapro while pregnant.