Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

What is a Traumatic Brain Injury?

A Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) occurs when a sudden blow or jolt to the head disrupts the normal function of the brain. A TBI can vary from a mild concussion to a fatal head injury. Traumatic brain injuries, even when mild, have the potential to severely impair a person’s cognitive function, memory, and motor skills. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Approximately 1.7 million Americans suffer a TBI each year.

Symptoms of TBI vary depending on the level of injury to the brain. Patients who suffer a mild TBI, like a concussion, often experience headaches, confusion, fatigue and dizziness. Moderate or severe TBIs cause more dramatic symptoms like vomiting, convulsions or seizures, dilation of pupils, slurred speech, loss of coordination and weakness or numbness of the extremities.

Traumatic Brain Injury Lawsuit

We have a team of attorneys from various backgrounds bringing to your TBI case a unique combination of skills and care. Among our lawyers is a bioengineer, a registered nurse, a mechanical engineer, five former law professors, former public servants, former magistrates, mediators and arbitrators, and two assistant attorneys general. We also maintain membership in various associations and societies, including the Biomedical Engineering Society, the North American Brain Injury Society, the Brain Injury Association of America and the California Brain Injury Association.

After a Traumatic Brain Injury

It is extremely important to seek medical attention if you suspect any level of head injury. Even mild TBIs with mild symptoms can quickly take a turn for the worse. It is imperative to get prompt treatment in any TBI case in order to minimize any long term damage. Once a brain injury is stabilized, short-term and long-term care for TBI patients can take various forms. Whether treatment is received in an inpatient or outpatient setting, a rehabilitation program will usually include numerous specialists who work with patients and their families to overcome the physical, emotional and neurological complications that arise after a traumatic brain injury.

Traumatic brain injuries are known to affect a wide range of functions including behavior, thinking, emotions, speech, sensation, language and memory. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, at least 3.17 million Americans currently require assistance due to a long-term TBI complication. Seizures, infection (like meningitis), stroke, coma, memory loss, personality change, dementia and Parkinson’s disease are some examples of TBI-related complications.

Even the mildest hits to the head, if repeated (repeated tackles in football, for example), can lead to CTE symptoms, which include memory loss, aggression and progressive dementia.

Recent research has found that a progressive degenerative disease called Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is caused by repeated head trauma. This means that even the mildest hits to the head, if repeated (repeated tackles in football, for example), can lead to CTE symptoms, which include memory loss, aggression and progressive dementia. Also, a single moderate to severe TBI can have lasting consequences. According to recent research, a moderate or severe blow to the head can significantly increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. Another troubling complication from traumatic brain injury is long term disability, which researchers believe is common 12-14 years after a patient suffers a TBI.

If you or a loved one has suffered a TBI, and you believe the injury was due to the fault of another party, you may be entitled to compensation for your pain and suffering. Baum, Hedlund, Aristei & Goldman is a national law firm which has represented thousands of clients in personal injury and wrongful death cases involving traumatic brain injuries, as well as transportation accidents and pharmaceutical product liability.

What is TBI Likely to Impact?

Although a traumatic brain injury is confined to a person’s head and brain, it is rarely an isolated incident. A serious TBI will impact everything associated with the survivor including family, friendships, business and community. A person’s brain is the center of his nervous system. It dictates everything, from the ability to control the movement of arms and legs, to sensations, memory, emotions, thoughts and behaviors.

Any injury to this complex organ has the potential to erase precious memories, alter behaviors, cause crippling seizures and destroy lives. A traumatic event to the head, even a seemingly minor one, can lead to serious, long term, injury.

Leading TBI Causes

Traumatic brain injuries contribute to a large number of deaths and permanent disabilities annually. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as many as 1.7 million Americans sustain TBIs each year, and 50 thousand people die from that injury. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimated 5.3 million Americans currently live with a disability related to a TBI. Leading, non-military, TBI causes include motor vehicle accidents, falls, sports related events, assaults and shootings. Traumatic brain injuries caused by motor vehicle accidents result in the greatest number of hospitalizations. Motor vehicle accidents are also the number one cause of TBI in people under the age of 75.

Out of the 1.4 million who experience TBIs in the US each year:

  • 1.1 million are successfully treated and released
  • 230,000 are hospitalized and survive
  • 80,000 are diagnosed with long-term disabilities
  • 50,000 die

Although head trauma can occur to anyone at any age, there are certain groups who are more susceptible to TBIs. The leading TBI causes for adolescents and adults come from motor vehicle accidents, along with violent crimes and assaults. Infants, toddlers, and elderly people over the age of 75 years old can easily suffer from falls around the home. However, the most vulnerable group to TBIs would be males between the age of 15 and 24, who are 1.5 times more likely to suffer from a head injury than females, due to their high-risk and fast-paced lifestyles. Approximately half of TBI accidents involve the use of alcohol.

Additional Links:

Mayo Clinic

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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