Is Glyphosate Banned in Europe?
As you can see above, some individual countries have introduced legislation to ban or restrict private sales of glyphosate, or restrictions on spraying glyphosate in public spaces. As for the whole of the European Union (EU), glyphosate is not currently banned.
However, EU public opinion is leaning in favor of a glyphosate ban. In a 2016 poll of the five largest EU countries, over 66 percent of respondents said they favored a glyphosate ban. Over 1.3 million people signed a petition in 2017 calling for a European ban of glyphosate. That public pressure caught the attention numerous Members of European Parliament, who have cited the petition as the foundation for instituting an EU ban.
In November of 2017, EU member states narrowly voted to relicense glyphosate for a period of five years. The vote was not without controversy; German Agriculture Minister Christian Schmidt (CSU) entered a ‘yes’ vote for his country without consulting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) on the matter. His unilateral vote disregarded Germany’s Environment Minister, who had instructed Schmidt to abstain from voting. With Germany’s vote, the measure narrowly passed and glyphosate received a new license.
Following the scandal, six EU countries sent a letter to the European Commission, calling for an exit plan for glyphosate. France and Italy have stated they will carry out glyphosate bans by 2020, and Germany announced in 2018 that it will also issue a glyphosate ban.
In January of 2019, a European Parliament report found that EU regulators based their decision to relicense glyphosate on an assessment that was plagiarized from a coalition of pesticide companies, including Monsanto.
The EU Parliament report investigated claims that Germany’s Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) copied and pasted large sections of a pesticide industry assessment of glyphosate literature in its own assessment. The BfR report concluded that classifying glyphosate as a carcinogen is not warranted. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), which relied upon the BfR report, also found that glyphosate is safe for humans and the environment.
Following the release of the EU Parliament report, an EU court ruled that EFSA should publicize glyphosate studies used for its assessments.
Is Glyphosate Banned in the United States?
Despite the IARC report’s 2015 conclusion that glyphosate is a probable human carcinogen, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) maintains that glyphosate is not likely to be carcinogenic to humans. As such, glyphosate is not banned by the U.S. government; Roundup and other glyphosate-based herbicides are readily available for purchase throughout the country.
However, the EPA is a captured agency, meaning it is dominated by the industry it presumably regulates. Internal company documents now public in the Monsanto Papers demonstrate that EPA prioritizes the interests of corporations like Monsanto or political groups over the interests of the public it is charged with protecting.
“The EPA has got it wrong on glyphosate. We have study after study after study showing that it in fact, does cause a specific type of cancer called lymphoma. And we see it happening in thousands and thousands of people across the country. Currently, this Administration and this EPA will not take action against Monsanto. We’ve seen the internal documents, the text messages, the emails between senior EPA officials and Monsanto employees. And the simple fact is they know that this EPA will not take adverse action against them. It is a travesty that this truth about it causing cancer and this awareness that we are trying to raise has to be done in the context of litigation. We only exist, these lawsuits only exist, because the EPA has failed the American public for 45 years and Monsanto is allowed to get away with reckless conduct with, essentially, impunity…this agency essentially does not work for the American public but works for industry. The fact that the White House is telling Monsanto, ‘We have your back.’ I mean this just tells us that we are going to have to keep fighting this fight and that we are not going to get any support or help from the public agencies that, ironically, are supposed to be protecting the public health.” – Brent Wisner, Roundup Cancer Attorney
Is Glyphosate Banned in California?
California has not issued a statewide ban on glyphosate. However, on July 7, 2017, California became the first state in the nation to issue a warning on glyphosate by adding the chemical to the state’s Proposition 65 list of chemicals and substances known to cause cancer.
California’s decision to warn consumers about glyphosate was pursuant to the requirements of the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act, better known as California Proposition 65, a ballot initiative approved by voters in 1986 to address toxic chemical exposure concerns. Prop 65 requires California to publish a list of chemicals known to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
In 2019, University of California President Janet Napolitano announced that glyphosate would be temporarily banned on all 10 UC campuses, citing “concerns about possible human health and ecological hazards, as well potential legal and reputational risks associated with this category of herbicides.”
U.S. Cities to Restrict or Ban Glyphosate
- Anchorage, Alaska – Passed an ordinance that establishes pesticide-free policies and restrictions for city parks, public lands, and other property.
- Skagway, Alaska – Signed an ordinance that prohibits the sale and use of persistent herbicides (including glyphosate) on public and private property.
- Tucson, Arizona – Created an organics-first policy for controlling weeds on city property.
- Alameda County, California – The East Bay Regional Park District, a special district operating regional parks in Alameda and Contra Costa Counties, banned glyphosate around picnic and play areas effective July 2019. EBRPD plans to formally ban Roundup use in its parks by the end of 2020. EBRPD manages 73 parks and 55 miles of shoreline.
- Albany, California –Passed ordinance for Integrated Pest Management program that restricts toxic pesticide use and urges pesticide use as last resort.
- Arcata, California – Initiated a pesticide reduction plan that urges pesticides to only be used as a last resort.
- Belvedere, California – Passed municipal ordinance initiating Integrated Pest Management program that restricts toxic pesticide use and urges pesticide use as last resort.
- Benicia, California – City decided to go glyphosate-free following the verdict in Johnson v. Monsanto Co.
- Berkeley, California – Implemented pest management program to minimize or eliminate the use of pesticides. The city has not used glyphosate since the 1970s, according to spokesman Matthai Chakko.
- Burbank, California – City Council members voted to discontinue the use of Roundup in city parks for one year, and Burbank Unified School District will no longer use the herbicide due to cancer concerns.
- Cambria, California – North Coast school board trustees formally proposed a ban on glyphosate for all school properties.
- Carlsbad, California – The City Council voted unanimously to adopt a policy that makes organic pesticides the preferred method for killing weeds. “Asked to choose between aesthetics and public health…I’m going to choose public health every time,” said Councilwoman Cori Schumacher.
- Clayton, California – Banned the use of Roundup on city property.
- Concord, California – The Mount Diablo Unified School District unanimously voted to ban glyphosate use on school property.
- Contra Costa County, California – The East Bay Regional Park District, a special district operating regional parks in Alameda and Contra Costa Counties, banned glyphosate around picnic and play areas effective July 2019. EBRPD plans to formally ban Roundup use in its parks by the end of 2020. EBRPD manages 73 parks and 55 miles of shoreline.
- Corte Madera, California – Passed ordinance calling for Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program restricting highly toxic pesticides, while also urging for pesticide use to be a last resort.
- Costa Mesa, California – City council adopted an organics-first Integrated Pest Management (IPM) policy.
- Davis, California – In February of 2020, the Davis City Council voted to officially end the use of glyphosate-based herbicides like Roundup.
- Encinitas, California – Banned the use of Roundup and other glyphosate-based weed killers in city parks.
- Fairfax, California – Passed municipal ordinance restricting use of toxic pesticides on public property in favor of alternative methods.
- Fresno, California – After hearing from concerned parents and employees, Fresno Unified School District is investigating the use of alternative herbicides that do not contain glyphosate, citing health risks.
- Greenfield, California – Adopted a resolution to “halt all use of the carcinogenic weed killer Roundup and replace it with ‘greener’ alternatives.”
- Irvine, California – City Council passed resolution to cease spraying Roundup and other chemicals on public parks, streets and playgrounds.
- Laguna Hills, California – Passed a resolution to test an organics-only pesticide program on two parks.
- Lodi, California –The city decided to ban the use of Roundup within 25 feet of playgrounds.
- Long Beach, California – Citing the landmark $289 million verdict in Johnson v. Monsanto Co., Long Beach Parks & Recreation Director Gerardo Mouet announced an immediate halt on the spraying of Roundup in Long Beach Parks.
- Los Angeles County, California – The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors issued a moratorium on glyphosate-based herbicides, including Roundup weed killer. In July 2019, the LA County Board of Supervisors formally banned Roundup.
- Malibu, California – The city may implement an Earth Friendly Management Policy (EFMP) to avoid the use of pesticides and other chemicals.
- Marin County, California – The county stopped using glyphosate, the active ingredient in Monsanto’s Roundup weed killer, on all county-maintained parks, landscaping, playgrounds, walkways and parking areas.
- Mill Valley, California – Passed ordinance initiating Integrated Pest Management program that restricts toxic pesticide use and urges pesticide use as last resort.
- Morgan Hill, California – Instituted a pilot program at a city park to assess the possibility of eliminating the use of herbicides.
- Napa, California – A policy announced in March of 2019 banned glyphosate use on city property, completing a phase-out campaign that started three years ago.
- Novato, California – Following the $289 million Monsanto verdict, Novato Mayor Josh Fryday said the city will no longer use Roundup weed killer.
- Oakland, California – Passed ordinance initiating Integrated Pest Management program that restricts toxic pesticide use and promotes pesticide use as last resort. On Sept. 1, 2018, the city formally halted the use of Roundup. Alameda County is reviewing its chemical spraying practices.
- Orange County, California – OC Parks banned the use of glyphosate on and around playgrounds, picnic shelters, trails and campgrounds. However, glyphosate remains in use on off-trail invasive weeds.
- Oxnard, California – The Oxnard School District board voted to ban Roundup use on campuses.
- Palo Alto, California – Pest management program calls for Integrated Pest Management that restricts pesticide use in favor of less harmful methods.
- Petaluma, California – City officials are considering a ban on glyphosate for use in public parks.
- Richmond, California – Issued an ordinance to ban the use of glyphosate for all weed abatement activities conducted by the city.
- San Anselmo, California – Passed city resolution promoting an Integrated Pest Management program restricting the use of toxic pesticides. The program only allows pesticide use as a last resort.
- San Francisco, California – Restricts the use of toxic pesticides on public property in favor of alternative, organic methods.
- San Juan Capistrano, California – Implemented an organics-first policy to control weeds in city parks and open spaces.
- San Lorenzo Valley, California – The San Lorenzo Valley Water District voted 4-1 for a permanent ban of glyphosate pesticide use by the district.
- San Luis Obispo, California – San Luis Coastal Unified School District banned all pesticides, including Roundup, on school properties in 2018. Coast Unified School District banned Roundup in the summer of 2019.
- Santa Barbara, California – The Santa Barbara Unified School District Board of Education voted to ban glyphosate spraying at all district schools.
- Santa Rosa, California – Banned the use of Roundup at city parks.
- Sonoma, California – Banned glyphosate use on all city-owned property.
- Thousand Oaks, California – City instituted a ban on glyphosate use on public golf courses.
- Watsonville, California – City council voted unanimously to ban Roundup use on city property.
- Woodland, California – Woodland Joint Unified School District suspended the use of Roundup on school campuses.
- Boulder, Colorado – Banned Roundup for use on city parks.
- Durango, Colorado – Instituted an Organically Managed Lands program to minimize the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides.
- Middletown, Connecticut – Passed ordinance banning toxic pesticides and herbicides on municipally-owned fields, parks and other property.
A growing number of Connecticut towns, including Branford, Cheshire, Granby, Essex, Greenwich, Manchester, Oxford, Pine Grove, Plainville, Roxbury, Watertown, and Woodbridge have adopted bans or restrictions on glyphosate use. The state also has Public Act 09-56 to eliminate the use pesticides in K-8 schools.
The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission ceased using aquatic herbicides, glyphosate chief among them, anywhere in state waters, while the agency gathers public input.
- Fort Myers Beach, Florida – The city has decided to ban Roundup.
Indian River County, Florida – Ceased using glyphosate on city parks and a public golf course.
- Jupiter, Florida – Passed ordinance to ban Roundup spraying on town property.
- Key West, Florida – Key West City Commission banned the use of Roundup on city-owned property, citing a $2.055 billion jury verdict in California.
- Martin County, Florida – The local government instituted a Roundup ban that applies to all county employees and contractors working on county projects.
- Miami Beach, Florida – Passed a resolution banning the use of glyphosate weed killers for landscaping and maintenance work on city-owned property.
- North Miami, Florida – City Council approved a plan calling for the gradual reduction of pesticide use on city property and a study on alternative pesticides.
- Satellite Beach, Florida – City Council unanimously approved a resolution that bans the city and its contractors from using glyphosate-based herbicides, including Monsanto’s Roundup.
- Sebastian, Florida –In November of 2019, the city banned all herbicide and pesticide use near storm water for a period of one year. The city also banned glyphosate use near local parks for 120 days.
- Stuart, Florida – City commissioners voted to ban glyphosate, calling for an integrated pest control plan that reduces the use of glyphosate with the ultimate goal of eliminating chemicals.
- Tequesta, Florida – Council voted to eliminate the use of Roundup and other glyphosate-based herbicides on village property.
Vero Beach, Florida – City officials announced an organics weed management pilot program to curb the use of glyphosate and other chemicals.
- Hawaii County, Hawaii – A Hawaii County Council committee approved a bill that would prohibit the use of herbicides like Roundup on public parks, roads, bike routes, trails, sidewalks, and elsewhere. The bill will be taken up by the full council. If passed, the law would take effect in 2024.
- Chicago, Illinois – The city stopped spraying glyphosate in public spaces.
- Evanston, Illinois – Evanston decided to go pesticide-free in 2010. Glyphosate is banned from use on city property, parks and schools.
- Franklin Park, Illinois – Passed resolution promoting an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) policy that restricts highly toxic pesticides and urges for pesticides to be considered as a last resort.
- Naperville, Illinois – Created the Sustainable Parks Initiative, which uses organic products and sustainable practices for weed control.
- Urbana, Illinois – Adopted the Midwest Grows Green natural lawn care initiative to eliminate synthetic lawn pesticides on city parks.
- Dubuque, Iowa – City instituted a ban on glyphosate use in public parks.
- Story County, Iowa – Eliminated the use of chemical pesticides in six of its mowed turf areas.
- Lawrence, Kansas – Implemented Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program designed to reduce pesticide use.
- Wichita, Kansas – Initiated pilot program that limits or eliminates pesticide use.
Dozens of cities and townships in Maine have adopted local ordinances restricting or banning pesticides and herbicides.
- Portland, Maine – Banned synthetic pesticides in March of 2019. Private property owners may only use organic treatments on lawns and gardens. No pesticides may be used within 75 feet of a water body or wetland.
- South Portland, Maine – Passed a pesticide plan that discourages property owners from using certain pesticides and herbicides.
- Greenbelt, Maryland – Adopted Sustainable Land Care policy for public lands calling for limited use of pesticides.
- Howard County, Maryland – Implemented a least-toxic IPM policy and accompanying legislation for county grounds maintenance in November of 2019.
- Hyattsville, Maryland – Passed ordinance prohibiting the use of toxic pesticides on public property in favor of alternative, organic methods
- Montgomery County, Maryland – County Council voted to ban the use of cosmetic pesticides on private lawns. In December 2018, Montgomery County Parks announced that it would discontinue the use of glyphosate in parks.
- Takoma Park, Maryland – Placed restriction on cosmetic pesticides for lawn care on public and private property.
- Andover, Massachusetts – Passed local ordinance restricting pesticides on public property.
- Chatham, Massachusetts – Passed an order banning glyphosate use in parks, athletic fields, mulch beds and walkways.
- Dennis, Massachusetts –Passed an ordinance banning the use of glyphosate on town-owned land unless an exemption is granted.
- Eastham, Massachusetts – Local ordinance requires town employees to receive a permit for use of registered pesticides and prohibits the use of highly-toxic pesticides.
- Falmouth, Massachusetts – Issued a yearlong moratorium on glyphosate use.
- Marblehead, Massachusetts – Created Organic Pest Management program to phase out pesticides and herbicides.
South Hadley, Massachusetts – Banned the use of glyphosate on town-owned or town-operated property.
- Warwick, Massachusetts – A measure to ban Monsanto’s Roundup passed at a Special Town Meeting. The ban does not allow people to spray glyphosate on any land within the town.
- Wellesley, Massachusetts – Wellesley banned all pesticides in 2011. Glyphosate is restricted from being sprayed on athletic fields and any city-owned property. The chemical can be used in limited emergency weed control situations.
- Wellfleet, Massachusetts –Established an organic land management policy to reduce pesticide use.
- Minneapolis, Minnesota – Commissioners of the Minneapolis Parks and Recreation Board decided to eliminate all glyphosate-based products from being used in neighborhood parks. In October of 2018, the Park Board’s Operations & Environment Committee voted to extend the glyphosate ban to the entire Minneapolis park system.
- Rochester, Minnesota – The Parks & Recreation Department initiated a pesticide-free pilot project for city parks.
- Reno, Nevada – The city initiated a pesticide free pilot program.
- Dover, New Hampshire – Passed resolution calling for Organic Land Management. City utilizes least toxic compounds only when necessary.
- Portsmouth, New Hampshire – Passed resolution eliminating the use of toxic pesticides on public property in favor of alternative, organic methods.
- Bernalillo County, New Mexico – The County Commission voted to ban the use of Roundup on county properties by 2020.
- Las Cruces, New Mexico – The Las Cruces City Council voted to ban Roundup and its principal ingredient, glyphosate, for pest control on city property. The ban is scheduled to take effect once the city’s glyphosate supply is exhausted.
- Taos County, New Mexico – Taos County Commissioners are considering the possibility of banning all pesticides, including glyphosate.
New Jersey has State and local ordinances encouraging Integrated Pest Management programs to eliminate or drastically reduce the use of pesticides. At least 15 city school districts and over a dozen other parks and recreation departments in the state have enacted IPM programs.
In January of 2019, New York State Senator Brad Hoylman (27th District) sponsored a bill in the New York State Senate that would prohibit the sale and distribution of products containing glyphosate. Updates on the legislation can be found here.
New York Park and Recreation Department has measures to eliminate or reduce pesticide and herbicide use in areas under its control.
- New Paltz, New York – The use of toxic pesticides and herbicides by city employees or by private contractors is forbidden on all city-owned lands.
- Rockland County, New York – Created a Non-Toxic Pesticide program, mandating the use of natural, non-toxic, or as a last resort with prior approval, the least toxic pesticide use.
- Westchester County, New York – Enacted a law for pesticide-free parks.
- Carrboro, North Carolina – The city of Carrboro has restricted glyphosate use since 1999. Under the terms of the ban, glyphosate cannot be sprayed in public parks, schools and town buildings or properties. The city will only allow glyphosate to be sprayed under limited circumstances.
- Cuyahoga County, Ohio – Local ordinance prohibits the use of pesticides on county-owned land, and established the adoption of an Integrated Pest Management program for county-owned properties.
- South Euclid, Ohio – Passed ordinance prohibiting toxic pesticides on public grounds in favor of alternative, organic pest control methods unless permitted by an Environmental Review Board.
- Eugene, Oregon – City put a moratorium on the use of weed killers containing glyphosate on city properties.
- Portland, Oregon – Since 1988, Portland has restricted the use of Roundup to emergency use only. Glyphosate is banned on all city-owned property.
- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – Banned the use of synthetic weed killers (including Roundup, 2, 4-D and others) in city parks and public spaces.
- Denton, Texas – City Council voted to implement an integrated pest management program and restrict the use of glyphosate on city parks, fields and playgrounds.
Multiple bills containing restrictions or bans on glyphosate have been introduced in the legislature.
Representative Annmarie Christensen introduced H. 328, an act relating to the use of glyphosate herbicide.
- Charlottesville, Virginia – Restricts the use of glyphosate on any city-owned parks, schools, or buildings. Glyphosate can only be sprayed under limited circumstances.
- King County, Washington – Passed municipal ordinance initiating an Integrative Pest Management (IPM) program to determine if and how pesticides should be used.
- Kitsap County, Washington – Passed measure banning the spraying of glyphosate by workers on county-owned and maintained properties. Glyphosate may only be used on noxious weeds as a tool of last resort.
- Ocean Shores, Washington –City Council voted unanimously to ban the city’s spraying of glyphosate herbicides.
- Olympia, Washington – City passed a resolution to encourage the implementation of an Integrative Pest Management (IPM) program for non-chemical pest control.
- Seattle, Washington – Mayor Jenny A. Durkan signed an executive order restricting the city’s use of glyphosate.
- Thurston County, Washington –Passed municipal ordinance to restrict the use of toxic pesticides on public property.
Do you know of a glyphosate ban that is not on our list? Contact us today and let us know.